1 – Mara Salvatrucha or MS-13
In biology, the Marabunta is an impressive movement of ants capable of crossing rivers and devouring small animals in seconds. Organized in a solid band, they leave nothing behind their passage. This word also indicates a killer red ant, sometimes eating men, with poisonous mandibles, leaving its victims paralyzed and in terrible suffering. These two phenomena fairly summarize the actions of the members of the Mara Salvatrucha.
Established in Los Angeles in the 1980s by Salvadorans who left for the United States, the gang quickly began recruiting new members in Latin American countries, including El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala and Mexico. With 50 000 and 80 000 members worldwide, its main activities on human trafficking, arms trafficking, drugs, smuggling, money laundering and prostitution (adult women and children ). The Maras are suspected of dozens of murders, to act as couriers in the US-Mexico border, kidnappings and extortion both behind bars than in air. Once in the organization, it is almost impossible to get out alive.
2 – Aryan Brotherhood
Advocating the supremacy of the whites, the Aryan brotherhood developed in a Californian prison in 1967, after the segregationist laws disappeared and white and black detainees were mixed. Extremely violent, members of the gang are known to be responsible for 21% of prison murders, “although the gang represents less than 1% of the prison population,” according to Wikipedia.
The body tattooed symbols and inscriptions referring to the Nazi regime and the extreme right movements (swastika, lightning, “SS”, celtic cross …), its members are necessarily white and all have committed murder to get into the ‘organization. In continual conflict with African-American gangs and as a minority by numbers, they are known for their unlimited violence in building reputation against other criminal organizations. Their lines of business: production and drug trafficking, arms sales, the inmate prostitution , sponsored murders, bank robberies and extortion. As for Maras, only death is a way out of the Aryan Brotherhood, whose friends are the Hells Angels to the Mexican Mafia (for drug trafficking), through the Ku Klux Klan.
3 – Camorra
Unlike its Italian cousin Cosa Nostra , the Camorra is not headed by an ultimate sponsor, placed above all. Dating back to the nineteenth century, it is run by 106 families reigning on specific Territories, headed by a capo (boss) . Similarly, what distinguishes the Cosa Nostra and ‘Ndrangheta , both born in Italy, are the geographical territories they occupy, namely the city against the country for the last two. Fief de la Camorra, Naples alone had no fewer than 67 families and 3,350 members in 1993.
According to Wikipedia citing data from Eurispes, an Italian institute for political, social and economic studies, Comorra has a very lucrative business, its turnover amounted to 12.5 billion euros in 2013, coming from Mainly drug trafficking (cocaine, heroin, cannabis, opium), arms trafficking, prostitution and extortion, especially through pizzo. This forced “tax” is taken from companies under threat and in exchange for a pseudo protection.
Add to this the various scams that are to European subsidies, smuggling and waste trafficking. This business is also responsible for the garbage crisis in Naples in the 2000s and was the subject of a documentary story of Roberto Saviano, recounted in his book Gomorra . Immensely successful, the journalist was continuously monitored and then adapted to film by Matteo Garrone and more recently in series.
4 – Los Zetas / Z
Highly trained, members of Los Zetas are part of the former military and / or members of the elite unit of fight against drug traffickers of the Mexican army (turnkeys) , became the protective branch of the army Gulf cartel , one of the largest cartels in Mexico with more than 100,000 armed men, together with the Sinaloa cartel . Created in the late 90s by the Gulf Cartel’s leader, Osiel Cardenas Guillen , the gang has gradually expanded, up to recruit child soldiers.
After turning against its former ally, the gang has recovered some of its traffic to the US-Mexico border to burst large-scale settling in the region between allies Cartel ( Cartel Juárez, Tijuana cartel …) and rivals of the Zetas (Gulf cartel, Sinaloa cartel). On drug trafficking background, the paramilitary organization has continued to improve his arsenal and his methods, up to create training and retention camps for the people they kidnap. According to Wikipedia , a raid on the home of one of the leaders in 2008 it was discovered in her home no less than 540 rifles, 165 grenades, 500,000 ammunition and 19 sticks of dynamite.
At the origin of several massacres of population, murder with decapitation, assassinations of police chiefs or the Mexican army or even politicians, sometimes just a few hours after their investiture, Los Zetas are considered as l One of the most dangerous gangs on the planet. Established in the United States (Texas, California, Nevada, Colorado), Mexico and Guatemala, they are also linked to N’drangheta, one of the Italian mafias, for whom they cook and supply methamphetamine. Authorities.
5 – The Yakuza
Officially counting 58,600 members worldwide in 2013 GangKulture.com , the gang of yakuza is one of the most extensive in the world, far from living in secret. This gang has the particularity of being organized in the form of legal associations, which are found all over Japan, but also abroad.
The Yakuzas are part of the Japanese landscape, their history dating back to the seventeenth century when their activities had a connection with games and politics. For if they are known to the general public, not necessarily hiding from the population and governments, it goes back to the fact that they have long maintained links with conservative and nationalist leaders from the twentieth century, especially during the period Of the Second World War. This is also around this time that prostitution has become one of their main activities, charging to provide sex slaves, known as “comfort women ” for the Japanese army.
But this gang takes a prominent place in Japanese society after the war. As the Japanese were under US occupation, the Korean and Thai mafias settled in the country and gained prominence. The yakuzas then benefit from the backing of a part of the Japanese political class to counter them. In parallel, they also develop the black market supplying the population deprived of basic necessities.
Divided into several gangs who numbered 126 in the 60s, the yakuza are experiencing more violent branches specialized in the trafficking of amphetamines and prostitution when others have turned to real estate, arms trafficking, Extortion or corruption. The sector games and sports paris are also major industries for the yakuza, particularly in the fight and sumo wrestling.
Their offices storefront, the yakuza get picked by the people through their costumes and their approach, but especially by their tattoos covering a large part of their body. A fault in his organization is paid at the price of his little finger that the yakuza must cut himself. An unforgivable mistake is punished with a hara-kiri, suicidal gesture samurai.
6 – The Mexican Mafia (eMe)
Main criminal organization in American prisons , the Mexican Mafia is not rampant in Mexico, but the other side of the border. This gang alone crystallizes a dozen other factions, including the Mara salvatrucha, which it supplants. These associated gangs are grouped under the name Sureños . The number 13 is also a sign of allegiance to this organization, the 13th letter of the alphabet being the M, symbol of the eMe.
Created in 1957 in a California prison, the eMe some rules that members, recognizable by their black hand tattooed on his torso , must follow under penalty of being punished or killed. It is forbidden to be homosexual, to be a scales, to fight against another member, to disrespect him or steal it.
Directing all Hispanic gangs in Southern California, they are accused of numerous murders, arms trafficking, drugs and humans, pimping, of migrant smuggling , kidnappings and extortion. If they are allied with the Aryan Brotherhood, they have the main enemies members of the Nuestra Familia , the Crips, the Bloods and the Black Guerrilla Family.
7 – The Crips
On one side, there are the Crips in blue. On the other, the Bloods in red. If some of their members (or former members) culminating in the US charts and rap US , these organizations are nevertheless known for their violence. Corruption, prostitution, drug trafficking including the trafficking of crack and cocaine , killings, robberies. The list of crimes perpetrated by these great teenagers is appalling and endless.
Founded in the US in the late 60s by Stanley “Tookie” Williams and Richard Washington , both still teenagers, the gang of Crips is born from the merger of two organizations called Baby Avenues , given the young age of their members (Between 15 and 25 years on average), a factor still topical among the Crips.
On the other hand, the gang has surpassed the borders of California and gathers more than one hundred local gangs, bringing the number of members in the United States to more than 35 000. Being known for the fierce war that they engage with the Bloods, the Crips contribute to the gang war that has no less than 805 deaths in 1995. According to Wikipedia , a momentary lull was felt when Tookie Williams, founder of the Crips sentenced to death for murder became anti-gang activist , Called the Crips and Bloods to end their conflicts before he was executed.
8 – The Bloods
As the Crips began to gain momentum in Los Angeles, rival gangs, much less numerous, joined forces to create the Bloods Gang Knowledge in 1972. More violent to assert themselves in front of the numbers, the members of this new gang are Just as young as their rivals. As for the rare 30-year-olds who are still part of the organization, their mission is to manage territories. As with biker gangs, the analogy with the army is not very far. The group leader is not elected, but is appointed according to his criminal past and influence, when the rest of the members is called “Soldier”. Therefore not surprising to find the members of the Bloods in the US Army , including in overseas bases.
Moreover, several projects whose mixtapes “Bangin ‘on Wax” and One Crip, One Blood (with collaborations including between Snoop Dogg and The Game ) helped calm things down between the two organizations, proposing to the members (or Ex-members) of the two clans to compete by microphones interposed, in battles of hip-hop.
9 – Mongrel Mob
Based in New Zealand , this gang has everything a biker gang … without motorcycles. Founded in the 1960s, the Mongrel Mob now numbers thirty clubs throughout the country, known for being extremely violent. As gangs of North American bikers, the culture of initiation is very strong. Similarly, each group in the organization has a hierarchy similar to that of the military ranks: President, Vice-President, Sergeant … As prospects, future members must demonstrate their loyalty in many missions before they can Wear the name Mongrel Mob on the back of their jackets and on their skin.
Gang composed mainly of Europeans at the beginning, Maori have joined the movement in the 70s, giving an amazing mix of tattoos, which can be discovered on the series of portraits of the photographer Jono Rotman , visible on the magazine’s website Vice . The members of Mongrels Mob having trafficked drugs, prostitution and robberies armed their business, the exhibition of Jono Rotman has made polemic, accused of sublimating the horror. Both disturbing and sublime, they illustrate a part of the history of the country, whose bibliography is far from being provided.
10 – Hell’s Angels
Faithful to their brothers whom they defend violently, these bikers in Harley Davidon live from trafficking in arms and narcotics, procuring and robberies. The name of the club stuck on the back of their jacket, not all members are full members and do not have the same status in the hierarchy, each club comprising a president, a vice-president (VP) and a sergeant-at-arms . To return definitively to the club is gained by force of confidence and of time spent under the status of prospects. If this description could be a beginning of summary of the series Sons of Anarchy, it nonetheless presents some bases of the organization of the Hell’s Angel, a real criminal organization.
The analogy between reality and fiction continues with the strange participation of Sonny Barger , in the role of Lenny “The pimp”, one of the founders of the club in the series. But Sonny Barger is not just an occasional actor, but, indeed, the founder of the first club headquarters and the Hell’s Angels in California in the 50s Enjoying a credit to their debut at the population level, Their image was quickly chipped by the murder of a spectator during a concert of the Rolling Stones in 1969, while they ensured the safety. Nazi imagery and acts of extreme violence continued to be associated with its members, accentuated by their alliances with gangs such as the Aryan Brotherhood.
The growing influence of the movement beyond the borders of the United States, the takeover of drug trafficking in Canada, led to a motorcycle war, killing about a hundred people, including an 11-year-old boy, in an assassination attempt. the bomb. This event has since triggered a gigantic investigation leading to many arrests among others for murders and drug trafficking. Arrests were also held twice in France, where seven clubs are installed, according to Wikipedia.